Mfecane debates essay the word ‘mfecane’ is a characterised product of the south african liberal history that is used by the apartheid regime state to legitimate south africa's racially and unequal land division in the 1970s the mfecane has. 16 untapped sources slave exports from southern and central namibia up to c 1850 jan-bart gewald this essay was written as a reaction to the attempts to prescribe the 'mfecane' as a. Mfecane debates, are not yet broken the main aim of this paper is positively to break them i first briefly outline a history of how and when the notion of a chain-reaction set in motion by shaka took root in the literature i focus on three important ‘moments’ in this history, constituted by the.
A hotly contested issue in the debate on south africa’s mfecane which enlivened the pages of this journal a decade ago was the charge that colonial historians invented the concept as part of a continuing campaign to absolve. As i have discussed it so far, the debate on the mfecane seems to resolve into a polarisation between pro-cobbing and anti-cobbing views the actuality, as constituted by numerous written and spoken interchanges, most of them so far unpublished, is far more complex. Mfecane was a deliberate falsification by europeans to blame the violence and disorder on the african people in an effort to avoid accountability for the impact of the slave trade and justify taking african land.
Has the mfecane a future a response to the cobbing critique created date: 20160807152618z. The ensuing debate which was caused by cobbing's writings is proof to how entrenched a lie can become in a national consciousness and to the visceral which can be caused by questioning that which has been for so long accepted as truth. The mfecane debate launched in jah by julian cobbing in 1988 because it subsided without reaching definite conclusions a major conference held in 1991 produced a landmark publication, the mfecane aftermath in 1995, but failed to answer all the questions he had raisedii this was partly due to. The word mfecane is derived from xhosa terms: ukufaca to become thin from hunger and fetcani starving intruders in zulu, the word means crushing mfecane refers to a period of political disruption and population migration in southern africa which occurred during the 1820s and 1830s it is.
The mfecane/difaqane problem from the documentary record 11 omer-cooper’s (1966) classic the zulu aftermath had the most effect on later african historiography it popularized the concept of. The historiographical development of the concept “mfecane” and the writing of early southern african history, from the 1820s to 1920s thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of master of arts of rhodes university. Current debate on the mfecane and the emergence of the amamfengu6 cobbing precipitated the debate by maintaining that the concept itself was “a twentieth-century invention of european academics”,7 who were intent on covering up white of the african people of south africa:.
Mfecane (zulu pronunciation: [m̩fɛˈkǀaːne], [note 1] crushing), also known by the sesotho name difaqane (scattering, forced dispersal or forced migration ) or lifaqane, was a period of widespread chaos and warfare among indigenous ethnic communities in southern africa during the period between 1815 and about 1840. The mfecane, suggests cobbing, must be seen as a myth lying at the root of a set of interlinked assumptions and distortions that have seriously twisted our understanding of the main historical processes of late 18th- and early 19th-century southern africa. Mfecane 1817-1828 more destruction was caused by those whom shaka defeated, than by his own forces such was the case of the hlubi and the ngwane.
Mfecane debates topics: south africa, every debate needs a topic this is a contentious assertion that forms the basis for the debate for example, the topic might be “that it is better to be smart than to be kind” or “that the united nations has failed. The section below on the mfecane can be used as an introduction to this section it is important to note that caps 2011 does not require it to be covered in detail as it is now considered outdated. Mfecane debates julian cobbing against ‘the mfecane’ has the mfecane a future in recent times historians known as “africanists” revived the topic of the mfecane in the early 1960s and it was well exploited and was also used to justify certain aspects of apatheid. Mfecane ( zulu pronunciation: , crushing), also known by the sesotho name difaqane (scattering, forced dispersal or forced migration ) or lifaqane , was a period of widespread chaos and warfare among indigenous ethnic communities in southern africa during the period between 1815 and about 1840.